On July 27, the Korean people, as well as peace-loving humanity will celebrate the 68th anniversary of the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States in 1953 which brought a ceasefire to the Korean War, known in the DPRK as the Great Fatherland Liberation War. The signing of the Armistice Agreement also signalled the first military defeat of the U.S. following the Second World War — a humiliation which has haunted the U.S. imperialists ever since, and for which it has yet to forgive the DPRK and the Korean people.
The U.S. intervened in Korea based on the reactionary Cold War policy of the “containment of communism.” From the Japanese colonial era through the Second World War, the outstanding resistance and guerrilla warfare carried out in Korea under the leadership of Kim Il Sung and other communists brought great prestige to communism throughout Korea for its ability to mobilize and organize the people to defend themselves.
Even before the surrender of Japan, the U.S. divided Korea by force at the 38th parallel with the aim of imposing their rule over the victorious Korean people who had contributed, second to none, to the Allied victory in the Second World War. The aim was to keep the Korean people divided and to turn the south of Korea into a U.S. military beachhead in order to wage war against China and the Soviet Union.
Following the Japanese surrender, the U.S. brutally suppressed and outlawed the Korean People’s Republic that had been proclaimed by the representatives of the whole Korean people on September 6, 1945 in Seoul. The U.S. installed the U.S. Military Government of Korea in the south which carried out a campaign of terror against the Korean people’s resistance to U.S. dictate and occupation. A virulent anti-communist, Syngman Rhee, who had spent most of his life in the U.S., was installed as the first President of the so-called Republic of Korea (ROK) in July 1948. The pro-U.S. Rhee government continued to suppress the Korean people’s widespread resistance to U.S. military occupation through extrajudicial killings, civilian massacres, mass incarcerations and other crimes, carried out with impunity. [More]